15 Best Places To Visit In Agra
Agra is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. The city mainly features the history of the Mughal Empire, which include multiple Mughal era buildings, forts and monuments with their strong historical heritage both in the city of Agra and in the adjoining suburbs.
Agra is home to 3 UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. So without wasting a lot of time lets discover Agra and the beauty of the Mughal Empire.
Best Places To Visit In Agra
1. Taj Mahal, Agra
The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world, and it is, without a doubt, beautiful and unique. It is a white marble monument standing on the southern bank of the river Yamuna.
Its construction started in 1632 by the Mugal emperor Shah Jahan for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Construction of the mausoleum was mostly completed in 1643 at the cost of 32 million rupees, which today would be 70 billion rupees.
But work continued on other phases of the project for another ten years. Without a doubt, this is one of the Best Places to visit in Agra.
Related: 15 Best Places To Visit In India
2. Agra Fort, Agra
Agra Fort is a historical fort in Agra, which was the primary residence of the Mughal Empire. Mughals stayed there until 1638 when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi.
In 1558 when Akbar visited Agra, it was in a ruined situation, and he rebuilt it by red sandstone. In 1983, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Fort got its present appearance during the dynasty of Akbar.
The Fort was a walled city used by the early Mughal rulers. After Mughal, Marathas occupied it and was later captured by the British. With lots of magnificent monuments inside it, it easily makes it to the list of best places to visit in Agra.
Related: 15 Best Places To Visit In Delhi
3. Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daula
The tomb of Itmad-ud-Daulais, a Mughal monument often described as a “Jewel Box” located in Agra. The tomb was built between 1622 and 1628, and along with the main building, it consisted of various outbuilding and gardens.
The monument was commissioned by Nur Jahan, the wife of Jahangir for her father, Mirzā Ghiyās Beg. Nur Jahan was also responsible for the construction of the Tomb of Jahangir in Lahore, which was first to use the pietra dura technique.
4. Tomb of Akbar the Great
Tomb of Akbar the Great is the tomb of Mughal emperor Akbar which is famous for the Mughal architectural masterpiece located in Agra. It was built between 1605 and 1613 by his son Jahangir, and it is spread across 119 acres of ground.
The tomb cost 1,500,000 rupees to be built at that time and took 3 or 4 years to complete. During the Aurangzeb reign, Jats plundered this tomb and looted gold, jewels, silver, and carpets, and according to one report, they ever opened Akbar’s grave and burned his bones.
Late George Curzon, Viceroy of India, did extensive repairs and restoration in this monument, which was completed in 1905.
5. Samadh Soamiji Maharaj – Soami Bagh
Samadh Soamiji Maharaj – Soami Bagh is one of the significant tourist spots in Agra that attracts tourists from all over the world. It is the tomb of Huzur, the initiator of the Radhasoami Faith.
The construction of this monument was started in 1908, and people believed that its development would never come to an end, and many people also argued that it is the “next Taj Mahal“.
The marble of the tomb gives it a brilliant appearance, and its craving in stone that contains blending or coloured marble is one of the major attractions of the memorial.
6. Kau Ban Mosque
Kau Ban Mosque is a Mosque made up of red sandstone that stands western side of the Taj Mahal. It was built because, according to Muslim law, there should be a place of worship nearby each monument.
It is used for prayer purposes facing the holy city of Mecca and is believed to have been built by Isa Mohammad. The interior has designed floors that are in the shape of prayer mats, 569 prayer mats in total.
The interiors are inscribed with beautiful calligraphy summoning the name Allah and quotations from the Quran. The pool in the front of the mosque is used as the place for ablution before the prayer.
7. Chini Ka Roza
Chini ka Rauza is a funerary monument containing the tomb of Allama Afzal Khan Mullah, the prime minister of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan located in Agra. The memorial was built in 1638 and is situated 1 km north of Itmad-Ud-Daulah Tomb.
The front of the monument is known for its glazed tile work, called Chini in Mughal era buildings and it is facing the city of Mecca.
The structure’s design style is unique because of the fantastic architectural style maintaining a sultanate style unbalanced dome. Due to the harsh weather, various types of colours have been worn away from the tiles.
8. Tomb of Mariam-UZ-Zamani
Tomb of Mariam-UZ-Zamani is the tomb of Mariam-UZ-Zamani who was the queen wife of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Jahangir built the monument in memory of his mother between 1623 and 1627.
Mariam-uz-Zamani was born as a Rajput princess named Jodha bai to Raja Bharmal of Ajmer after she gave birth to Jahangir she died in 1623. The monument os just next to the Tomb of Akbar the Great and is nearest to all the tombs of his wives.
The ground floor consists of forty rooms built by Sikander Lodi, and the centre of the ground floor has the mausoleum of Mariam.
9. Kanch Mahal
Kanch Mahal is a beautiful square monument representing Mughal domestic architecture at its finest built between 1605 and 1619. It was formally used as Mahal or Royal Ladies’ Lodge and then as the royal Hunting Lodge by Jahangir, and now it is in ruins.
Earlier it was maintained by Church Missionary Society, but now Department of Archaeology looks after it. A domed rim roofs the central square hall of this two-storeyed mansion and the four corners of the building have square rooms.
The octagonal pillars on two sides of the hall assist the purpose of support for the docks on the second storey.
10. Anguri Bagh
Anguri Bagh is a four-compartment styled garden situated in the bases of the Khas Mahal. Shah Jahan built it in 1637 as his grand place of relaxation. This is a must-visit spot for an insightful exploration of the Mughal history.
The garden got its name because initially, it was famous for thick creepers of grapes hence naming it as the Garden of Grapes (Anguri Bagh).
The surrounding structure is composed of beautiful white marble which was initially plated in gold and was decorated with elegant paintings. The central part consists of a vast courtyard in the front with tanks and fountains.
11. Jama Masjid
Jama Masjid of Agra is a World Heritage Site in Fatehpur Sikri built in 1571. The monument was personally directed by Akbar, which and extends around 165m in length.
The monument is also known as the “Friday Mosque”, and it is one of the largest mosques in India and is the most visited pilgrimage site by the devotees. It is also one of the most visited tourist sites in Agra.
The mosque features the transition in Islamic art, as its original architectural elements were blended with Persian elements. Unlike other monuments, where squinches support the domes, here, corbelled pendentives support the dome, and the Buland Darwaza and the Tomb of Salim Chishti are also a part of the mosque complex.
12. Jahangir Palace
Jahangiri Mahal may be the most remarkable building inside the Agra Fort built by Akbar. The Mahal was the principal palace for women belonging to the royal household and was mainly used by the Rajput wives of Akbar.
It is a form of Islamic architecture and is one of the oldest servicing buildings of Akbar’s reign. Jahangir stated in his journals that his father, Akbar, built the monument, but he did not take any credit for its construction.
Mughal empress Nur Jahan used this Palace as her residence until she died in 1645. There is a huge bowl called Hauz-i-Jahangiri, which was used to store fragrant rose water and it is carved out of a single piece of stone.
13. Nagina Masjid
Nagina Masjid is a masjid built by Shah Jahan in Agra Fort, which is also known as the Jewel Mosque. It is an architectural beauty located near eye-caching Moti Masjid, having three magnificent domes and elegant arches.
This mosque is constructed with pure white marble and bears a straightforward architecture and a decent decoration. This beautiful monument was built for the ladies of the Royal family.
It had a luxurious bazaar located down the road, where royal ladies could purchase items standing in the balcony of Nagina Masjid.
14. The Shish Mahal
Shah Jahan built the Shish Mahal as a Summer Palace. It has two tanks with fountain interconnected with each other that were provided to keep the Palace cool and comfortable in the sweltering heat of Agra.
The unique feature of this Palace is the glass patchwork, which has been done on all its walls and ceilings. Glass pieces have high mirror quality, which glittered and twinkled in thousand ways to lighten up the semi-dark interior of the Palace.
The glasses used in it were imported from “Haleb” (Aleppo in Syria), which is why Lahauri, Sah Jahan’s Historian, has referred to it as “Shishaye Halebi”.
15. Akbar Church
Akbar’s Church is a Roman Catholic Church built in 1600 by Jesuit Fathers in Agra. Akbar invited Jesuit priests from Goa to learn more about Christianity. After learning about Christianity, Akbar gave land to Jesuit fathers to built a Church in Agra.
This was the first Roman Catholic Church in the Mughal Empire, and after Akbar, Jahangir donated for further expansion of the Church. But later Shah Jahan demolished the Church in 1635 when he thought that it is crossing the religious limits of Islam.
Still, later it was rebuilt in 1636 by the permission of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan after the pardo of Jesuits.
I hope the above list of 15 Best Places To Visit In Agra has helped you in planning your Agra trip very well. If you think I missed some places in this article, then feel free to suggest it in the comment section below.
Happy Travelling 🙂